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قديم منذ /22 - 12 - 2013   #1 (permalink)

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افتراضي Great Budworth

December 22nd, 2013

general copy edit inc some WP:OVERLINK

â?? Previous revision Revision as of 11:28, 22 December 2013 Line 34: Line 34:       ==History==
  ==History==
â?? The early history of Great Budworth is documented in the [[Domesday Book]]. It mentions a priest at Great Budworth. In 1130, the [[St Mary and All Saints' Church, Great Budworth|St Mary and All Saints Church]] was given to the [[Augustinians|Augustinian]] [[Canon (priest)|canon]] of [[Norton Priory]]{{cite book|last=Greene|first=J. Patrick|title=Norton Priory: The Archaeology of a Medieval Religious House|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=70PACwvVscEC&pg=PA67|accessdate=11 July 2011|date=25 March 2004|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-521-60278-5|page=67}} by William FitzNigel, [[Constable]] of Chester and [[Barony of Halton|Baron of Halton]].
+ The early history of Great Budworth is documented in the [[Domesday Book]], which mentions a priest at Great Budworth. In 1130, [[St Mary and All Saints' Church, Great Budworth|St Mary and All Saints Church]] was given to the [[Augustinians|Augustinian]] [[Canon (priest)|canon]] of [[Norton Priory]]{{cite book|last=Greene|first=J. Patrick|title=Norton Priory: The Archaeology of a Medieval Religious House|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=70PACwvVscEC&pg=PA67|accessdate=11 July 2011|date=25 March 2004|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-521-60278-5|page=67}} by William FitzNigel, [[Constable]] of Chester and [[Barony of Halton|Baron of Halton]].
      During the reign of [[Henry III of England|Henry III]], Sir Geoffrey de Dutton (sometimes "Geffrey de Budworth") (d. 1248) was lord of the manor. De Budworth was the son of Adam, a younger son of Hugh de Dutton. Peter, grandson of De Budworth and ancestor of Sir Peter Warburton, second Bart. of Arley, moved to [[Warburton, Greater Manchester|Warburton]], assumed that name, and was a proprietor of Great Budworth. De Budworth gave a third of his land, including St Mary and All Saints Church, to [[Norton Priory]] in order to secure perpetual masses for his soul.{{cite book|author=Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society|title=Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=qxy-DMdn3awC&pg=PA95|accessdate=16 July 2011|edition=Now in the public domain.|year=1897|pages=95â??}} After the [[dissolution of the monasteries]], [[Henry VIII of England|King Henry VIII]] granted the estate to John Grimsditch. It was afterwards divided into several parcels.
  During the reign of [[Henry III of England|Henry III]], Sir Geoffrey de Dutton (sometimes "Geffrey de Budworth") (d. 1248) was lord of the manor. De Budworth was the son of Adam, a younger son of Hugh de Dutton. Peter, grandson of De Budworth and ancestor of Sir Peter Warburton, second Bart. of Arley, moved to [[Warburton, Greater Manchester|Warburton]], assumed that name, and was a proprietor of Great Budworth. De Budworth gave a third of his land, including St Mary and All Saints Church, to [[Norton Priory]] in order to secure perpetual masses for his soul.{{cite book|author=Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society|title=Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=qxy-DMdn3awC&pg=PA95|accessdate=16 July 2011|edition=Now in the public domain.|year=1897|pages=95â??}} After the [[dissolution of the monasteries]], [[Henry VIII of England|King Henry VIII]] granted the estate to John Grimsditch. It was afterwards divided into several parcels.
Line 43: Line 43:       ==Notable landmarks==
  ==Notable landmarks==
â?? The Grade I listed [[St Mary and All Saints Church, Great Budworth|St Mary and All Saints Church]] is located in the village. The village is a popular location for films and television including [[Cluedo]]{{cite book|last=Lambert|first=Nick|title=Cheshire walks with children|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=y3ZTHzxD-z8C&pg=PA72|accessdate=11 July 2011|date=1 July 1996|publisher=Sigma Leisure|isbn=978-1-85058-560-2|page=72}} and more recently in the Natwest advert. [[Arley Hall]], a [[historic house]], is nearby. Also of note in the area are [[George and Dragon, Great Budworth|George and Dragon]] and Cock o' Budworth pubs, [[54â??57 High Street, Great Budworth|54â??57 High Street]], [[Dene Cottages, Great Budworth|Dene Cottages]], [[Goldmine House, Great Budworth|Goldmine House]] and [[Belmont Hall, Cheshire|Belmont Hall]].
+ The Grade I listed [[St Mary and All Saints Church, Great Budworth|St Mary and All Saints Church]] is located in the village. The village is a popular location for films and television including ''[[Cluedo (UK game show)|Cluedo]]''{{cite book|last=Lambert|first=Nick|title=Cheshire walks with children|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=y3ZTHzxD-z8C&pg=PA72|accessdate=11 July 2011|date=1 July 1996|publisher=Sigma Leisure|isbn=978-1-85058-560-2|page=72}} and more recently a [[National Westminster Bank|NatWest]] advert. [[Arley Hall]], a [[historic house]], is nearby. Also of note in the area are the [[George and Dragon, Great Budworth|George and Dragon]] and Cock o' Budworth pubs, [[54â??57 High Street, Great Budworth|54â??57 High Street]], [[Dene Cottages, Great Budworth|Dene Cottages]], [[Goldmine House, Great Budworth|Goldmine House]] and [[Belmont Hall, Cheshire|Belmont Hall]].
      ===St Mary and All Saints' Church===
  ===St Mary and All Saints' Church===
Line 52: Line 52:   ===Houses===
  ===Houses===
    â?? [[Goldmine House, Great Budworth|Goldmine House]] and its attached cottage (Rose Cottage), designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1329888|title= Goldmine House, Rose Cottage, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=English Heritage |accessdate=14 July 2011}} were built in 1870 for [[Rowland Egerton-Warburton]] of Arley Hall and were designed by the Chester architect John Douglas.Hubbard, p.278 Built with brown brick with some timber framing, and clay tile roofs the house faces west. It is a double storied building with two gabled [[Bay (architecture)|bays]]. The cottage is simple in form with a dormer and blue brick [[diapering]].
+ [[Goldmine House, Great Budworth|Goldmine House]] and its attached cottage (Rose Cottage), designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building,{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1329888|title= Goldmine House, Rose Cottage, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=English Heritage |accessdate=14 July 2011}} were built in 1870 for [[Rowland Egerton-Warburton]] of Arley Hall and were designed by the [[Chester]] architect [[John Douglas (architect)|John Douglas]].Hubbard, p.278 Built with brown brick with some timber framing, and clay tile roofs the house faces west. It is a double storied building with two gabled [[Bay (architecture)|bays]]. The cottage is simple in form with a dormer and blue brick [[diapering]].
    â?? [[Dene Cottages, Great Budworth|Dene Cottages]] are a pair of cottages, designated by [[English Heritage]] as a Grade II listed building. They were built in 186768 for [[Rowland Egerton-Warburton]] of [[Arley Hall]] and designed by the [[Chester]] architect [[John Douglas (architect)|John Douglas]].Hubbard, p.240 The lower storeys are constructed in brown brick. The upper storeys are [[timber framing|timber-framed]] with [[Plasterwork|plaster]] panels. The roof is in clay tiles. The plaster panels are [[Pargeting|pargetted]] with floral motifs.{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1329854|title= Dene Cottages, 1 and 2 Warrington Road, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=5 May 2011}}
+ [[Dene Cottages, Great Budworth|Dene Cottages]], a Grade II listed pair of cottages, were built in 1867â??68, again for Rowland Egerton-Warburton and by Douglas.Hubbard, p.240 The lower storeys are constructed in brown brick. The upper storeys are [[timber framing|timber-framed]] with [[Plasterwork|plaster]] panels. The roof is in clay tiles. The plaster panels are [[Pargeting|pargetted]] with floral motifs.{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1329854|title= Dene Cottages, 1 and 2 Warrington Road, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=5 May 2011}}
      [[Belmont Hall, Cheshire|Belmont Hall]] in this parish was built by J. H. Smith-Barry Esq., who deposited in it his valuable collection of pictures and statues, afterwards removed to Marbury. Smith-Barry sold it to Henry Clarke. Built in 1755 and designed by [[James Gibbs]], it is a Grade I listed building.{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1139129|title= Belmont Hall|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=16 July 2011}} As of 2011 it is occupied by [[Cransley School]].{{citation |url=http://www.cransleyschool.org.uk/ |title=Cransley School |accessdate=16 July 2008 |publisher=Cransley School }}
  [[Belmont Hall, Cheshire|Belmont Hall]] in this parish was built by J. H. Smith-Barry Esq., who deposited in it his valuable collection of pictures and statues, afterwards removed to Marbury. Smith-Barry sold it to Henry Clarke. Built in 1755 and designed by [[James Gibbs]], it is a Grade I listed building.{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1139129|title= Belmont Hall|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=16 July 2011}} As of 2011 it is occupied by [[Cransley School]].{{citation |url=http://www.cransleyschool.org.uk/ |title=Cransley School |accessdate=16 July 2008 |publisher=Cransley School }}
Line 60: Line 60:   ===George and Dragon pub===
  ===George and Dragon pub===
  [[File:George and Dragon, Great Budworth.jpg|thumb|right|250px|The [[George and Dragon, Great Budworth|George and Dragon]] pub]]
  [[File:George and Dragon, Great Budworth.jpg|thumb|right|250px|The [[George and Dragon, Great Budworth|George and Dragon]] pub]]
â?? [[George and Dragon, Great Budworth|George and Dragon pub]], designated by [[English Heritage]] Grade II [[listed building]]{{Cite web |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1329885|title= George and Dragon Inn, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=14 July 2011}} was initially built as a simple three-[[bay (architecture)|bay]] [[Georgian architecture|Georgian]] inn. In 1875, its restoration was commissioned by Egerton-Warburton. The [[Chester]] architect [[John Douglas (architect)|John Douglas]] carried out the work; he added tall rubbed chimneys, [[mullion]]ed windows and a steep pyramidal [[turret]].Hubbard, pp. 92â??93 The double storied inn has [[bay (architecture)|bays]] built in brick with a [[roughcast]] [[stucco|rendering]] on the upper storey. It has clay tiled covered hipped roofs. Its other architectural features comprise a projecting two-storey porch with oak post-and-rail fence inscribed with a number of sayings on either side, lateral bay with four-light mullioned window in the lower storey and a three-light mullioned window in the upper storey, a tall rubbed brick chimneystack, and the inn sign located diagonally from the right corner. The inn continues to function as a public house and restaurant.{{Cite web|url = http://www.onionring.co.uk/restauran....asp?RID=1536| title = George and Dragon| accessdate =14 July 2011| publisher=Onionring}}
+ The [[George and Dragon, Great Budworth|George and Dragon pub]], another Grade II listed building,{{Cite web |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1329885|title= George and Dragon Inn, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=14 July 2011}} was initially built as a simple three-[[bay (architecture)|bay]] [[Georgian architecture|Georgian]] inn. In 1875, John Douglas was commissioned to restore it by Egerton-Warburton. He added tall rubbed chimneys, [[mullion]]ed windows and a steep pyramidal [[turret]].Hubbard, pp. 92â??93 The double-storied inn has [[bay (architecture)|bays]] built in brick with a [[roughcast]] [[stucco|rendering]] on the upper storey. It has clay tiled covered hipped roofs. Its other architectural features comprise a projecting two-storey porch with oak post-and-rail fence inscribed with a number of sayings on either side, lateral bay with four-light mullioned window in the lower storey and a three-light mullioned window in the upper storey, a tall rubbed brick chimneystack, and the inn sign located diagonally from the right corner. The inn continues to function as a public house and restaurant.{{Cite web|url = http://www.onionring.co.uk/restauran....asp?RID=1536| title = George and Dragon| accessdate =14 July 2011| publisher=Onionring}}
      ===54â??57 High Street===
  ===54â??57 High Street===
â?? [[54â??57 High Street, Great Budworth|54â??57 High Street]], a row of four dwellings in High Street [[Cheshire]], designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1139118|title= Jasmine Cottage, Nos. 55 & 56 and No. 57 High Street, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=14 July 2011}} had been built in the early 18th century, or earlier. In 1870 or just before 1875, they were refaced and partly rebuilt for Rowland Egerton-Warburton of Arley Hall by the architect John Douglas.Hubbard, p.242 The two outer buildings are houses and the two central buildings are cottages. They are built in brown brick with clay tile roofs, and have two storeys plus attics. Each building has a [[gable]], those on the outer buildings being larger than those on the inner buildings, and all are decorated with brick and plaster.
+ [[54â??57 High Street, Great Budworth|54â??57 High Street]] is a row of four Grade II listed{{Citation |url= http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/...1139118|title= Jasmine Cottage, Nos. 55 & 56 and No. 57 High Street, Great Budworth|year=2011 |work=The National Heritage List for England |publisher=[[English Heritage]] |accessdate=14 July 2011}} dwellings in the High Street. Built in the early 18th century, or earlier, in 1870 or just before 1875 they were refaced and partly rebuilt for Rowland Egerton-Warburton of Arley Hall by John Douglas.Hubbard, p.242 The two outer buildings are houses and the two central buildings are cottages. They are built in brown brick with clay tile roofs, and have two storeys plus attics. Each building has a [[gable]], those on the outer buildings being larger than those on the inner buildings, and all are decorated with brick and plaster.
      ==Flora and fauna==
  ==Flora and fauna==
â?? In the [[Middle Ages]], Budworth Mere was used as a fish hatchery. Stocked with bream and pike, its reeds breed [[Reed warbler]]s and [[Great crested grebe]].{{cite book|last=Darling|first=Jen|title=West Cheshire Walks|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=mIBD5PsVg6EC&pg=PA73|accessdate=16 July 2011|date=1 April 1988|publisher=Sigma|isbn=978-1-85058-111-6|pages=73â??}} Other avifauna includes [[mallard]]s and [[coot]]s.
+ In the [[Middle Ages]], Budworth Mere was used as a fish hatchery. Stocked with bream and pike, its reeds shelter breeding [[Reed Warbler]]s and [[Great Crested Grebe]]s.{{cite book|last=Darling|first=Jen|title=West Cheshire Walks|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=mIBD5PsVg6EC&pg=PA73|accessdate=16 July 2011|date=1 April 1988|publisher=Sigma|isbn=978-1-85058-111-6|pages=73â??}} Other avifauna includes [[Mallard]]s and [[Eurasian Coot|Coot]]s.
      ==Culture==
  ==Culture==


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